treat back pain at home

back pain in the lumbar region

Pain in the lumbar region is a clinical symptom of pathological changes in various tissues. At a young age, muscle spasms and overexertion appear this way, at a more mature age - osteochondrosis and its complications. In older people, any pain can be considered a sign of a compression fracture of the vertebral body against the background of the development of osteoporosis.

The causes and methods of treating low back pain discussed in the article are research information. It just gives a general idea of what might be going on in your body. But it does not replace the advice of a specialist. If you have any discomfort in the lumbar and sacral region, seek medical attention immediately. It is best to make an appointment with a vertebrologist or neurologist. These doctors have the necessary level of professional competence in the treatment of diseases of the spine.

For these purposes, we recommend that you choose a manual therapy clinic in your place of residence. Doctors who have extensive practical experience in working with patients suffering from pathologies of the spine and other parts of the musculoskeletal system usually work there.

Before starting to treat low back pain at home, it is necessary to establish an accurate diagnosis. The fact is that pain syndrome can be provoked by a variety of pathological reactions. The most common types of violations are:

  • the consequences of a traumatic effect on bone tissues: fractures and cracks of the vertebral bodies and their processes;
  • stretching and microscopic fiber ruptures in ligaments, tendons and paravertebral muscles;
  • the formation of hematomas after soft tissue injury - they put pressure on the nerve fiber;
  • inflammation - may be due to prolapse of the intervertebral hernia, aseptic reaction to trauma, the introduction of an infectious agent (for example, with tuberculosis of the spine);
  • degenerative dystrophic process of destruction of intervertebral discs;
  • ruptures of fibrous rings of discs;
  • tissue ischemia against the background of disturbances in the processes of blood supply and innervation;
  • compression (for example, due to instability of the position of the vertebral bodies or their displacement).

The spine is an anatomically complex structure. It consists of the vertebral bodies, the intervertebral discs, and the separating end plates. Around the spine there are longitudinal and transverse ligaments, paravertebral muscles. Within the spinal canal, formed by the vertebral bodies and arcuate processes, is the spinal cord. This is the central structure of the autonomic nervous system, which is responsible for the functioning of the entire human body. The innervation is carried out due to the radicular nerves that extend from the spinal cord through the lateral openings of the vertebral bodies.

The intervertebral disc keeps the vertebral bodies at a certain distance, which it separates. And thanks to this, there is no compression effect on the root nerves and their branches. They do not become inflamed and do not experience ischemia due to poor blood supply. If in the area of the intervertebral cartilaginous discs there is a decrease in muscle fiber activity, the quality of diffuse nutrition is greatly reduced. And cartilaginous intervertebral discs do not have their own blood vessels. This causes a decrease in its height, compression of the nerve fiber and other soft tissues near the spine. Naturally, this process is accompanied by a strong pain syndrome in the lumbar region.

Next, let's talk about the possible causes of pain: diseases and risk factors for their development.

The main reasons for lower back pain.

So, let's start with the fact that in the lumbar region there are many large muscles. Some of them are responsible for bipedal locomotion, hold the body in an upright position and allow various body movements (inclinations, twists, turns, etc. ).

These muscles are made up of myocytes. To which cell does the nerve ending and its own blood vessel, the capillary, fit? With any violation of innervation or blood supply, the performance of the muscle is sharply reduced. For example, if a person subjected his lower back to excessive physical activity, then the muscle fiber went into spasm. In this state, it cannot conduct nerve impulses and has a squeezing effect on capillary blood vessels. There are foci of ischemic reaction and trigger points (places where mismatched contraction and relaxation of myocytes occur). These conditions may go away on their own. But in most cases, fibromyalgic pain syndrome can persist for several years and requires the help of an experienced chiropractor.

Other possible causes of low back pain include:

  • degenerative dystrophic destruction of the cartilaginous fiber of the intervertebral discs (osteochondrosis);
  • complications of osteochondrosis in the form of protrusion and extrusion of the intervertebral discs, prolapse of a hernia and its sequestration;
  • instability of the position of the discs and vertebral bodies relative to each other in the form of weakness or deformity of the ligamentous and tendon apparatus;
  • displacement of the vertebral bodies due to the type of antelisthesis, retrolisthesis or lateroslisthesis;
  • curvature of the spine, violation of posture, including thoracic scoliosis, complicated by twisting and skewing of the pelvic bones;
  • spinal canal stenosis, including from dorsal intervertebral hernia prolapse or vertebral body displacement;
  • compression fracture of the vertebral body or fissure of its process;
  • stretching and rupture of the longitudinal or transverse ligament;
  • deforming spondyloarthrosis, in which the amplitude of mobility in the projection of the intervertebral joint may decrease;
  • destruction of the iliac-sacral joints;
  • destruction of the joint between the coccyx and the sacrum;
  • tumoral and infectious pathologies of the tissues of the spinal cord and spine;
  • inflammatory processes in the abdominal cavity and in the pelvic organs;
  • piriformis syndrome and cauda equina.

These are just some of the possible causes of pain in the lower back. Remember that only an experienced doctor can make an accurate diagnosis based on additional clinical examination and tests. Therefore, you should not engage in self-diagnosis and treatment. This can lead to sad consequences for your body.

Be sure to contact an experienced doctor, he will determine the reasons why the lower back hurts and prescribe a treatment that will allow you to restore damaged tissues without harm to your health.

What are the symptoms to watch out for?

Each disease that causes low back pain causes the appearance of additional symptoms. It is to them that you need to pay attention in order not to waste time and contact the specialist who deals with the treatment of such diseases.

So, let's start with the most common. This is osteochondrosis and its consequences. With such a disease, in addition to pain, there is stiffness of movements, muscle tension in the lumbar region. Difficulty sitting or standing for a long time. I want to take a forced position. With such manifestations, it is worth making an appointment with a vertebrologist.

If the pain spreads along the lower extremities, radiates to the groin area, the anterior abdominal wall, there is an intestinal disorder, there are areas of numbness of the skin, then it is advisable to visit a neurologist. This means that the nerve fiber has been pinched. Only a neurologist will be able to determine at what level the nerve was damaged and how this compression can be quickly and safely removed.

Treatment is carried out by the traumatologist in case the back and lower back hurt due to a violation of the integrity of the tissues. After restoring the integrity of the tissues, it is necessary to undergo a rehabilitation course with a manual therapist. Therefore, if there was a traumatic effect, and then a pain syndrome appeared, first contact the emergency room.

If you experience frequent urination, fever, muscle aches, headaches, you should contact your local therapist to rule out pathology of the urinary system. If possible, make an appointment with a nephrologist.

In women, lower back pain may be associated with damage to the genital organs, therefore consultation with a gynecologist is necessary. Men are advised to visit an andrologist or urologist. It is also always worth excluding damage to the tissues of the rectum and the lower sections of the large intestine.

If you experience back pain in the lumbar region, an X-ray image of the lumbosacral region is prescribed. On it, the doctor can see indirect signs of osteochondrosis, deforming spondyloarthrosis, disc protrusion, etc. An MRI examination is required to confirm or refute the diagnosis. Based on his conclusion, the doctor can establish the diagnosis of intervertebral hernia, stenosis of the spinal canal, etc. To exclude pathology of the abdominal cavity and small pelvis, ultrasound and colonoscopies are performed.

Treatment of back pain in the lumbar region

It is necessary to start the treatment of back pain in the lumbar region by eliminating the factor of negative influence. If this is a decrease in the height of the intervertebral disc, then it is necessary to stop the compression of the nerve fiber and the soft tissues surrounding the spine. The easiest way to achieve this effect is during the manual spinal traction procedure. Already after the second session, patients feel significant relief from their condition. But this does not mean a complete recovery.

In order to fully restore the damaged cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral discs, a full treatment must be carried out. It can include the following types of therapeutic effects:

  • massage of the muscular frame of the back and lower back - allows you to normalize the tone of the muscle fiber, restore its performance, increase capillary blood supply and trophism;
  • osteopathy in the treatment of pain in the lumbar region allows you to eliminate infiltrating inflammation of soft tissues by improving the processes of microcirculation of blood and lymphatic fluid;
  • reflexology initiates regeneration processes using the hidden reserves of the human body;
  • therapeutic exercises and kinesiotherapy in the treatment of back pain in the lumbar region take pride of place, they allow you to fully restore the performance of all muscles;
  • Physiotherapy is used to improve metabolism at the cellular level.

We recommend treating low back pain in manual therapy clinics. The doctors there have accumulated vast practical experience in treating such patients. If you have pain in the lower back, in no case do not treat. This is dangerous for your health.