Back pain and the spine in the neck

The reasons for the emergence of pain in the neck a lot. Can be divided into related osteo-muscular apparatus, and diseases of the internal organs. Some states require immediate help, and even the timely treatment.

Indisputable to all is a fact exclusive of the values of the backbone to the health, as well as the life of a person. That is why nature provides a protective pain syndrome in the area of the back that is activated each time that the spine or of its organs or tissues exposed to pathological processes. It is important to timely and adequately respond to these signals, for back pain and neck do not become an obstacle to the usual rhythm of life.

The main causes of

The main causes of

The pain in the back and the neck occur due to a multitude of reasons. It should be understood that these symptoms are only an indicator of the disease. Most people sure that the pain in the back or neck is associated with altered function of muscles, bones, or joints, that generate the data of the body part. In general, this is true. However, there are enough arguments that refute this claim. You can divide the causes of why a neck and back pain, into two groups.

Osteo-muscular system

The first is to be attributed to causes related to disorders of the musculoskeletal system of the back and neck:

  • myositis;
  • low back pain;
  • low back pain;
  • ishialgia;
  • the osteochondrosis;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • the hernia of the intervertebral discs;
  • the displacement of the intervertebral joint;
  • between the ribs neuralgia;
  • the scoliosis;
  • the kyphosis;
  • bad distribution of the physical load;
  • an injury to the back and neck.
Internal of the disease

The second group includes the causes related to the pathology of other organs and systems, when the pain spreads to the nerve endings located in the area of the neck and of the back:

  • angina, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction;
  • inflammatory diseases of the kidneys;
  • infectious diseases;
  • diseases of the lungs, or the pleura;
  • the presence of tumors in the back or in the neck.

Cervicalgia

Цервикалгия

The greater discomfort of the person experiencing it then, the code of pain of the spine in the neck. What is the status of the experts called cervicalgia. The neck easily vulnerable due to the large number of functions assigned to it by nature. Is the neck, thanks to the muscles and that provides the mobility of the head. In the interior of the neck are the esophagus, the larynx, the trachea, the great vessels, and lymph vessels.

Pain in the neck arise most frequently in the spine of the left or of the right. The most likely cause of cervicalgia is the spasm of the muscle fibers. This happens due to hypothermia (currents of air, cold air flow from an air conditioner), injury, a long stay in the same type of posture (the team, during the sleep uncomfortable mattress), the sharp turn of the head or inadequate loading. To the inflammation of the muscles of the person experiences great pain, which can be applied by hand or a spatula. The muscle fibers swell, they put pressure on the nerve fibers that pass into the interior of the muscles, causing the pain becomes even more intense.

Collar radiculitis

Very similar symptoms has the collar of the radiculitis, resulting in the defeat of spinal roots. The pain can irradiate (give) the progress of the nerve fibers, accompanied by weakness in the hands, the violation of the mobility of the neck. It appears the collar of the radiculitis less lumbar. Occurs disease caused by trauma, degenerative processes in the vertebral column, the presence of appendices in the bones and tumors in the area of the nerve roots.

The osteochondrosis

The pain in the back and the neck may also be associated with degenerative changes in the spine: osteochondrosis, osteoarthritis. Continuous pain of my character is related to an alteration of the function in the cartilage tissue of the vertebrae to thicken, and then begin to exert pressure on the nerve roots. The osteochondrosis causes the violation of the circulation of the blood in the brain, it produces the syndrome of pain in the chest, arms, back.

Between the vertebrae of the hernia

The reason that the pain of the spine in the neck, it may be a herniated intervertebral disk. This condition, which violates a normal activity of the nerve, it decreases the sensitivity, the activity and the functioning of the muscle fibers. In the case of injury of the spinal cord causes numbness of the extremities, it distorts the function of the organs of the pelvis.

Enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck, the presence of tumors lead to the emergence of pain syndrome of different intensity. This occurs as a result of the violation of blood supply to the tissues of the individual, as well as the pressure on the nerve endings.

Dangerous symptoms

Dangerous symptoms

Every time that it hurts the neck and back, the person is different ways to deal independently with the problem. To justify this behavior may be because the syndrome of pain is very intense and occurs suddenly. However, it is worthwhile to pay attention to the warning signs that should call the attention due to a real threat to the life of the patient and seek medical advice immediately:

  • the muscle pain is accompanied by high temperatures in the absence of symptoms of colds or acute respiratory infections;
  • the pain is located in the neck, the shoulder, the chest, and is accompanied by shortness of breath;
  • the pain is accompanied by numbness of one or both extremities, the weakening of your muscle strength;
  • the pain in the back or the neck has a good character, accompanied by cramps, it tightens when you cough or sneeze;
  • the sharp pain in the back accompanied by pains in the chest and irradiate under a spatula;
  • acute pain in the neck or back occurs in young children or pregnant women.

The prevention and treatment

As a general rule, pain in the area of the neck and back occur at the bottom of the sedentary, the overweight, the frequent situations of stress, poor mapping of the intensity of the exercise. All of this background lead to the appearance of degenerative diseases or traumatic factors that violate the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system.

It is necessary to observe the rules for lifting and handling of loads, avoid sudden movements, to strengthen the muscles through sport and physical education. The important factor of the prevention of the pathologies of the spine is the fight against the overweight, in order to reduce the load on the neck and back. However, the food must be rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals.

The use of almost all medications for back pain and neck should consult with your doctor. Appointment of a course of therapy should be made after determining the diagnosis of the disease. Should not do massage, warming or rub the ointment. This type of event if you do not worsen the condition of the patient, can distort the box clinical, make it difficult to diagnose.

Most often for the treatment of pain in the neck and back specialists recommend medicines group non-steroidal anti-inflammatory funds in the form of pills, capsules, creams, ointments, or injections. Popular are medications, which include Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, common voltaren, Ketoprofen, Meloxicam. Effective, have proven to be the patches that contain active anti-inflammatory: Dolobene, Dorsaplast, Versatis.

You should know that the therapy of state, accompanied by pains in the back and the neck, it should be comprehensive and aimed at the elimination of the causes of the disease. Amateur approach in the treatment of the syndrome of back and neck pain is not valid.

31.07.2018