Under the correct posture is understood as the ability of a person to keep your body in a straight position with ease, without straining your muscles. Each one of us is worth the and you feel in a certain position, the approval occurs by habit. Then, in the direct measurement, physiological is of this provision, and determines the degree of "correction" of the posture.
The main formation of posture occurs in childhood, but this does not mean that the adult is not able to correct your posture, get rid of his violations and to achieve the correct position of the body. In addition, "spoil" the position can be and in adulthood: for example, in a sedentary job and the small mobile style of life. The curvature of the spine can lead to painful sensations and diseases, and are also the cause of the deterioration of the appearance of an individual.
In the normal state of the spine has curves physiological of the lumbar and dorsal spine departments. However, these curves may be violated, reinforced, smoothed.
Among the main causes of these problems are the following:
The consequences of incorrect posture can be divided into several types:
As already pointed out, posture problems often have their roots in childhood. And not the last role is played in this school backpacks, which are forced to carry every day. Doctors have discovered that, for the use of the portfolio has not influenced the condition of the spine of the child, its weight should be no more than 10-15% of the weight of the child.
In addition, the violations of posture often cause specific diseases that lead to limitation of mobility, painful sensations and even functional failure of the entire locomotor system. It is an osteochondrosis, osteoarthrosis, as well as between the vertebrate hernias.
If to speak about the aesthetics of the consequences of incorrect posture can be observed slouching silhouette, concave in the inside of the chest convex, and because the most visually surround the belly, in addition to many other unpleasant changes in the external appearance of the person.
Verify the correct you posture, simply. You hit the wall behind him, and note the position of the heels, calves, buttocks, leaves, and the nape of the neck. All of these parts of the body at the same time you must be in contact with the wall, and you should not apply any efforts, tensing the muscles in order to achieve this effect. In the opposite case, it can be said that is the violation of posture.
Another simple test – ask someone to do your photo of the back. Then, on the photo pass direct traits in three lines: the ankles, the pelvis and shoulders. These three traits must be parallel to each other, otherwise, you can talk about one of the curves.
The main reasons for the proper, physiologically correct posture are the following:
A great enemy of the correct stance is that of the high-heeled shoes. To walk in such footwear, inevitably, leads to the change of the inclination of the body, which leads to the alteration of the posture and even the appearance of systematic pain in the lower back. And the representatives of the beautiful sex, regularly, with high heels, with the time they may not win the hernia of the intervertebral discs.
As already pointed out, a bad posture is not that of the sentence, even for an adult. You can completely adjust, and with its own forces, with the use of simple exercises. They are ideal for people that have the deviation of the correct position of the spine, still have not developed into serious chronic diseases such as scoliosis. Otherwise, improve posture it is also possible, but in the context of the therapeutic complex.
The initial position for the first group of exercises – the same that the verification of the correctness of the posture. Hit it to the wall so that your heels, calves, buttocks, scapulae and the head at the same time, the played (for the person with disorders of posture maintain this position requires a muscular effort).
Having taken this position, follow these steps:
A good way to correct your posture is swimming. When a person is in the water, the gravitational loads on the spine are greatly reduced. This strengthens muscular frame of the spine, improves the tonicity of the muscles near the vertebra, as well as the muscles of the back and on the chest. All this has a positive effect on posture.
If you are seriously intended to achieve substantial improvement of the posture, there will be more practice the muscle strengthening of the skeleton.
For this reason they are ideal for the following exercises: