Why hurt the spine during pregnancy?

If it hurts the spine during pregnancy, the causes are not always related to the pathology. Pregnancy is a natural state of the woman. And bust back at this period, owing to that the body is "rebuilding", preparing the events with the change.

The causes of pain

Begin to encounter back pain during pregnancy, in different periods of gestation. It is considered that in the first half of pregnancy the body is subjected to increasing loads. This is not true. Approximately 30% of the women come with complaints of the complaint in the round, in the I quarter. However, the majority of women in the back pain during pregnancy bother more about the twentieth week. Often it is not easy to answer, why it hurts your back during pregnancy. Back pain in pregnant patients is sometimes the result of the midwifery the causes, and may be independent of the pathology. Obstetric causes of back pain arising from the normal or pathological current of pregnancy.


The back

Can hurt the waistline the normal pregnancy? Yes, and this is the most frequent cause, why strip the back in pregnant women. In many cases, pregnancy causes the mom-to-be will hurt the ents of the back. The cause of the pain becomes in a rapid increase of the uterus, and the tension of his vocal cords. These feelings are so common that they are considered as another indication of the pregnant woman.

  • Hormones and the processes of change

In the period of waiting for a child woman is to have to deal with a hormonal change. Occurs the increased production of estrogen, progesterone, and other hormones responsible for the proper during pregnancy. A frequent cause of what a pain in the waist, it is the relaxin. This hormone helps in bulk and tendons to be more flexible, softens. Relaxin is necessary, in order to subsequently facilitate the emergence of baby.

Required for the formation of the fruit elements are taken from the body of the mother. Therefore, if you are not replenishing the "reserve", the bones of women can to receive essential vitamins and trace elements, in particular, calcium and phosphorus. As a result, there occurs a weakening of the bones of the pelvis and the spine, which can cause back pain in pregnancy.

  • Increased pressure in the pelvis and the spine

More "secure" the reason that pregnant women suffer from back pain, it is the growth of the fetus. The child grows, it increases pressure on the sacrum of the mother, which causes the pain tolerance of sensations in the lumbar area. Is also a physiological reason why you can hurt your back, it is a weight gain, which leads to an increase of the pressure in the kidneys. The center of gravity changes, it causes the flexion of the vertebral column in the lumbar region. The muscles receive the excess load, leading to the onset of pain.

The onset of low back pain in pregnant patients sometimes prolonged standing. The uterus pressing on the nerves and blood vessels that surround the spine. That's why it hurts me below the waist, from the third quarter. The pain in the legs, reinforced with the load.

In the last stages of pregnancy lower back pain can occur as a result of the pressure of the fetal head in the hip bones. This is accompanied by the onset of increased uterine tone. Then the pain appear around the 38 week. If it hurts the spine during pregnancy for this reason, it is not worth worrying about. These sensations – it is a natural phenomenon.

  • Scrum

A few weeks before birth, the mother may feel Braxton-Hicks. The fake contractions prepare the body for the subsequent delivery. In this case, in addition to the pains which occur in the lumbar spine, the sensation of "firm" of the uterus, it is difficult to breathe, arise of pulling pain in the lower part of the abdomen. Then, these symptoms disappear. And through a short time the abdomen and back start to hurt again. These sensations are considered normal, but require greater attention. It is sometimes difficult to distinguish the truth from the labour of childbirth. If the contractions are intensifying, they are repeated at regular intervals, accompanied by the secretions of the genital tract, should not be tighten with the trip in the hospital.

When the pathology

The child

If during pregnancy back pain accompanied by the emergence of secretions and cramps, sensations of pain in the uterus, the situation of doctors is considered as the threat of miscarriage or premature labor.

Are required immediately seem to the gynecologist. In some cases, the strip of back during pregnancy due to the worsening of conditions or when a new pathology. Pregnancy is accompanied by a natural suppression of immunity. This mechanism is necessary to prevent rejection of the fetus to the mother by the body as foreign compounds. The result is the vulnerability of women at this time. It happens that the woman does not suspect about the pathologies that until you will be pregnant. During pregnancy the pain in the lower back may indicate severe enough pathology. And if the gynecologist to rule out obstetric causes of general discomfort, you should see other physicians, namely a neurologist, a urologist or nephrologist and the surgeon.

  • The disease of the kidneys

The kidney and its diseases are the cause of why during pregnancy pain of waist. Under the influence of hormones, it changes the tone of the ureters, there is a stagnation of the urine, which leads to the development of infectious disease processes. A common complication of leaking fluid in pregnancy is pyelonephritis. Arise plaintive laments the pain of one of the parts of the back, frequent urination, aches and pains, increases the temperature up to very high values. The urine usually becomes cloudy.

If back pain during pregnancy said bright, it is difficult to find the position at which the pain fades, it hinders the flow of urine, it appears the impurity of the blood, it is possible that this renal colic. These symptoms constitute an indication for hospitalization of urgency.

The diagnosis puts the physician, based on the data of ultrasound and laboratory analysis of urine and blood. The treatment is carried out with the appointment of antibiotics, antispasmodic, and pain medications, and it is mandatory. The disease can lead to serious consequences, up to kidney failure.

  • Pancreatitis

In rare cases, the pregnant woman may experience inflammation of the pancreas. This happens when you are not available during the pregnancy, the diet, the consumption of foods with large amount of fat, alcohol, is the hereditary factor, or the result of stress. If back pain during pregnancy is ringworm of the nature, it occurs during or after a meal, accompanied by a fever, nausea or vomiting, disorders of the chair, the doctor puts a diagnosis of pancreatitis."

The disease is diagnosed with the use of ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, it is under stationary conditions. The medical therapy of back pain during the pregnancy is performed by a series of anti-inflammatories and painkillers. Once in a while, in case of failure of conservative treatment, the need arises for the intervention.

  • Neurology

Often back pain during pregnancy due to the sharpening of the problems of the locomotor system. If the woman and the pregnancy tormented by osteochondrosis or radiculitis, then, the change of load will lead to the aggravation. The origin of the problems is not enough developed, the muscular system of the back or curvature of the spine. For this diagnostic indicates the emergence of a strong pain in the back during pregnancy during the second trimester of gestation or later.

When neurological pain problems is a shot nature, are decreased in lying position and on increase of the workload, can result in a feeling of numbness.

It is very dangerous to self medicate. Since most of the drugs used in such cases, are contraindicated during pregnancy. In exceptional cases, the doctor may prescribe pain medication. If it hurts the spine during pregnancy-related causes neurological problems, the best solution is the use of bandage. Special corset will provide support for musculoskeletal system, without affecting the baby's development.

  • Myositis

The location in the stream of air or hypothermia can cause inflammatory process in the muscle lower back. Then the pain is characterized by the acute and limitation of movements. In addition to the back, may hurt the neck and shoulders. The treatment should make the physician, who may designate drugs that are safe for the baby.

  • Semisupine

When low the location of the pain in the back area and the abdomen, may be suspected symphysis. In disease point has changed the way of walking, that takes on the character of the "duck". Occurs as a result of the discrepancy pubic bone, is transmitted by inheritance. If the reason for the back pain during pregnancy, in Semisupine, the doctor may recommend bed rest and will be responsible for monitoring throughout the period of pregnancy.

  • Spondylolisthesis

If in the story there is an injury of the spinal cord or defects of the peculiarities of the development of the arches of the vertebrae, the increased load can cause pain in the lower back during pregnancy. The vertebrae can move relative to one another, that will be an encouragement to a strong pain in the lower back.

This type of pain can be distinguished by the increase in the sitting posture, when it occurs in the process of lifting heavy objects, when you change the position of the body. The pain can radiate into the legs. The deformation of the spine can be visually observed. The muscles that surround the spine from the sides, are in an intense state. Develops a special way of "walking with". If, due to the spondylolisthesis hurts the spine during pregnancy, it is to cure a disease with the help of medications, physical therapy, treatment of the gym.

The prevention of the


If it hurts the spine during pregnancy, it is important to remember one thing: in no case can be involved in the diagnosis by itself and self-medication. The first thing that you must do for the pregnant woman, which is triggered in the kidneys during pregnancy – consult your specialist. The doctor will also help you to prevent back pain during pregnancy, can recommend:

  • Stop using shoes with a higher heel;
  • To monitor the smoothness of a set of weight;
  • Lead as an active life style;
  • Do not overstretch, avoid excessive loading of the spine;
  • To deal with the gymnastics special;
  • Control posture;
  • For the dream of choose the mattress and a small pillow;
  • Learn the correct lifting of objects (you must bend the knees, and not to produce an inclination forward);
  • Ensure the correct food with a high content of calcium and phosphorus.

If the pregnant woman has severe back pain, is not a reason to panic. However, it is necessary to rule out possible pathological processes, as well as receive recommendations on how to solve the unpleasant sensations. If you suffer from back pain during pregnancy, we do advise at the time of the doctor.